Domestic CCTV and the Law

home CCTVBig Brother is Watching – But He Has to Play by the Rules

CCTV is becoming increasingly prevalent across homes and businesses in Great Baddow to keep people safe and reduce crime. What are the laws governing its use?

Watch any one of the fly-on-the-wall TV shows that follow police in their daily duties, and you will see how useful CCTV is in protecting homes and businesses from crime. Police will use the CCTV around towns to track the movements of suspects, and will often utilise domestic systems to identify intruders, burglars and those committing other illegal and antisocial acts.

As well as solving crime, CCTV is also a great tool for its prevention. If would-be criminals know they are being caught on film, they will definitely think twice about going near your home. Yet it is this aspect of knowing about CCTV that owners need to think carefully about. A CCTV sign is more than just a sensible addition to let undesirables know they are being watched – in many cases, it is also a legal requirement.

CCTV and Data Protection

The Data Protection Act talks extensively about CCTV images. In essence, it states that everyone has the right to know when they are being recorded on CCTV in a public place, and the most obvious way of providing this information is by putting up a sign.

There are specific rules stating type of signage – it needs to be clear, legible and should provide information as to the person or company that is doing the recording, unless that is already obvious. For example, if the CCTV cameras are at a private address, it is obvious that it is the householder that is capturing the images.

CCTV on Private Property

If your CCTV cameras focus exclusively on your private property, the images recorded are not subject to Data Protection legislation. However, there are a couple of points to bear in mind.

The first is to check whether your cameras are also recording activity outside your property, for example on the public highway or on your neighbour’s private property. The latter should be avoided if at all possible – sometimes, the layout means it is inevitable, in which case you should discuss the matter with your neighbour.

The second point is that regardless of whether or not data protection law is applicable, transparency is always the best policy, and clear signage informing anyone who comes near that CCTV cameras are in use is a sensible addition.

Disclosure of CCTV images

If you wish to see CCTV images of yourself, you have a right to do so, and can request disclosure from the party recording them. This is what is known as a subject access request, and you might be charged an administrative fee of no more than £10.

As far as disclosing images that you take of others is concerned, you might be required to release your images to the police if they can help with a criminal investigation. Note that you are not allowed to share images that are subject to data protection legislation with the media or to post them online.

Sometimes you will see such images posted in an attempt to solve crime, but this will be done directly by the police.

In recent years we have seen more CCTV cameras go up on businesses and homes in the village. Some residents have aired their concerns that there are too many cameras now, and feel that their own personal life is being spied upon whenever they leave the house, with some raising concerns of CCTV cameras overlooking pavements near schools. However, for many people, CCTV provides reassurance that criminals are deterred from returning to their homes. For those living alone who have been the victim of crime in the past, a home CCTV camera can reduce stress and anxiety.

Crime in the village has increased in the last year or so, with a marked increase in burglaries, break-ins and anti-social behaviour. CCTV can help prevent crime, as well as identify suspects.

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